Guayaquil, Ecuador became Houston’s 10th sister city in 1987. Known as “Perla del Pacifico”, or the Pearl of the Pacific, Guayaquil is the financial and industrial hub of Ecuador and its largest city. Located on both the Daule and Babahoyo rivers, Guayaquil is a mere 70 km from the ocean and, thus, in a prime location for maritime trade.
In 2009, Houston’s total trade with Ecuador was valued at more than $1.75 billion, an increase of 8 percent from 2008. There are 52 Houston-based firms which operate subsidiaries in Ecuador, and 2 subsidiaries of Ecuadorian companies which operate in Houston. More than 350 Houston companies reported doing business in Ecuador in 2009.
Important sectors in Guayaquil’s economy include tourism, agriculture and petroleum. The latter is of particular importance. In the gulf of Guayaquil alone, it is estimated that there are gas reserves in excess of 300 million cubic feet. Subsequently, many of the largest petroleum companies have their regional bases in the city. Guayaquil’s importance within the energy industry is one of its strongest ties with Houston.
Population: near 3 million
Continent: South America
Latitude and Longitude: 2˚10’ S, 79˚56’W
GMT Time Difference: - 5 hour
Time Difference from Houston, TX: 0 hours
Distance from Houston, TX: 2430miles/ 3910 km
Climate: Tropical climate; Hot and Humid; Temperatures reach up to 100˚ F during the summer months and down to 80˚F during the winter months.
Official Language: Spanish
Governmental Structure: Provincial capital with popularly elected mayor and regional officials
Current Mayor: The Honorable Jaime Nebot, Mayor of Guayaquil
Other Sister Cities: Shanghai, China